How does Washington law define and address visitation interference?

Understanding Visitation Interference in Washington State

In the context of family law, visitation rights are a cornerstone of maintaining the parent-child relationship following a divorce or separation. Washington law recognizes the importance of these relationships and has specific statutes addressing visitation interference. This form of interference occurs when one parent deliberately disrupts the scheduled and court-ordered visitation time of the other parent.

Legal Definition of Visitation Interference

Under Washington law, visitation interference can be categorized as either direct or indirect. Direct interference involves physically preventing a child from spending time with the other parent during scheduled visits. This includes failing to drop off a child at the agreed time or place, or refusing to allow the child to go on a planned vacation with the other parent.

Indirect interference, on the other hand, may be less obvious but equally damaging. It can include actions such as refusing to communicate about visitation plans, making disparaging remarks about the other parent in front of the child, or interfering with communication between the child and the other parent through phone calls, messages, or online platforms.

Addressing Visitation Interference in Washington Courts

If visitation interference occurs, affected parents have recourse through legal channels. They can file a petition with the court for enforcement of visitation rights. Washington courts take these matters seriously and can impose various remedies and penalties on the interfering parent. These remedies may include makeup visitation time for the non-offending parent, modifications to existing visitation orders, and in severe cases, contempt of court proceedings, which can lead to fines or even jail time.

It's important to note that while enforcing visitation rights is critical, courts also consider what is in the best interest of the child. If a parent believes that visitation with the other parent would harm the child physically or emotionally, they must seek a legal modification of the visitation order rather than taking matters into their own hands.

Historical References and Noteworthy Cases

In landmark cases such as In re Marriage of Rideout, courts have upheld that consistent interference with visitation rights can constitute grounds for altering custody arrangements. The court's primary consideration remains the well-being and stability of the child. However, persistent disruption of a parent's right to spend time with their child is seen as contrary to this principle.

Washington law also recognizes special circumstances where protecting a child from harm may necessitate interference with visitation. In such cases, it is imperative that parents follow proper legal procedures to adjust custody or visitation schedules formally.


Visitation interference not only infringes upon a parent's rights but can also have profound effects on the emotional and psychological well-being of a child. Washington state has clear laws designed to prevent and address such interference, ensuring that children can maintain meaningful relationships with both parents wherever possible. Parents facing issues related to visitation should consult with legal professionals who specialize in family law to navigate these complex situations effectively.