How are pets taken into consideration during Washington divorce proceedings?

Understanding Pet Custody in Washington State Divorce Cases

Divorce proceedings can be emotionally taxing, and the question of who gets custody of a pet can add an additional layer of stress to an already difficult situation. In Washington State, pets are considered personal property, and therefore the determination of their custody during divorce proceedings follows property division laws. However, the emotional bond between pets and their owners has prompted courts to occasionally view pet custody cases with a more nuanced approach.

Pets as Personal Property

Traditionally, pets have been treated no differently than other types of property during a divorce. This means that when a marriage ends, pets are subject to equitable distribution just like furniture or vehicles. Washington's community property law stipulates that any property acquired during the marriage is owned jointly by both spouses and must be divided fairly upon dissolution.

When determining who will retain custody of a pet, courts may consider various factors such as who has been the primary caretaker or who has the closest bond with the animal. While there is no specific 'pet custody' law in Washington, judges have some discretion to consider the well-being of the pet in their decision-making process.

Factors Influencing Pet Custody Decisions

The court may look at several factors when deciding which spouse will keep the pet:

While these factors are informative, they do not necessarily guarantee an outcome. Each case is unique and is treated as such by the court.

Legal Precedents and Agreements

There are no specific legal precedents in Washington State that exclusively address pet custody in divorce cases. However, couples have the option to create a separate agreement concerning their pets. These agreements can outline custody arrangements, visitation schedules, and financial responsibilities for pet care post-divorce. Such agreements can be included as part of the larger divorce settlement and can provide clarity and prevent future disputes.


In Washington divorce proceedings, pets are technically considered personal property. However, judges may take into account various factors that recognize the unique relationship between humans and animals. While some states have begun enacting specific laws regarding pet custody in divorces, Washington has yet to formalize such statutes. Couples going through a divorce in Washington should be prepared to discuss pet custody arrangements and may consider creating a separate agreement to ensure their pets are cared for after the marriage ends.