What are the legal implications of homeschooling in Washington divorce cases?

Understanding the Intersection of Homeschooling and Divorce Law in Washington

In Washington State, as in many others, the decision to homeschool children can have significant legal implications during divorce proceedings. Washington law recognizes the rights of parents to provide home-based instruction to their children, as long as certain requirements are met. However, when parents decide to divorce, the matter of homeschooling can become a contentious issue, with various legal aspects coming into play.

Educational Decisions and Parenting Plans

One of the key factors in a divorce case involving homeschooling is the establishment of a parenting plan. This legal document outlines how divorcing parents will share responsibilities for their children, including making decisions about education. If both parents agree on homeschooling, they can include this in their parenting plan. However, disagreements about whether to continue homeschooling post-divorce can lead to disputes that require mediation or court intervention.

The Best Interest of the Child Standard

The court's primary concern in any child custody or education-related decision is the best interest of the child. When considering educational arrangements, judges will evaluate several factors:

Disputes over homeschooling may lead to evaluations by educational experts or guardians ad litem to help determine what is in the child's best interests.

Legal Precedents and Considerations

While there is no single legal precedent governing homeschooling decisions in Washington divorce cases, past cases have set important benchmarks. For example, in cases where one parent has been the primary educator and the children have thrived under homeschooling, courts are more likely to favor continuity. Conversely, if evidence suggests that homeschooling is not serving the child's best interests, a judge may order a change in educational arrangements.

Modification of Parenting Plans

Even after a divorce is finalized and a parenting plan is in place, changes in circumstances may necessitate modifications to that plan. If one parent believes that continuing with or starting homeschooling would be beneficial for their child post-divorce, they can petition the court for a modification of the parenting plan. On the other hand, if homeschooling was initially agreed upon but later deemed unsuitable, a parent could seek a modification to enroll the children in public or private school.


Homeschooling within the context of divorce in Washington requires careful consideration of both parents' rights and responsibilities as well as the children's best interests. Court involvement may be necessary when parents cannot agree on educational matters, and all parties should be prepared for thorough evaluations and potential modifications to parenting plans. Consulting with legal professionals who understand both family law and homeschooling regulations is essential for navigating these complex issues.