Texas Law on College Tuition After Divorce: Who Pays?

Understanding the Division of College Tuition Responsibilities in Texas Post-Divorce

Divorce can be a complicated process, especially when it comes to the division of financial responsibilities. In Texas, as in many other states, the matter of who is responsible for paying college tuition after a divorce is one that requires careful consideration. Unlike child support that is well-defined by Texas law, college tuition falls into a more complex category that often depends on the specific circumstances of each case.

Legal Precedents and Statutory Guidelines

Under Texas Family Code, child support is typically terminated at the age of 18 or upon high school graduation. However, this does not directly address college expenses. As such, any obligation to contribute to a child's college tuition is generally determined during the divorce proceedings. The court may order for one or both parents to take on this financial responsibility as part of the divorce decree. It is important to note that this is not an automatic obligation and must be specifically addressed during legal proceedings.

Historically, Texas courts have maintained that post-secondary educational support is not mandatory. This was notably upheld in the case of Leithold v. Plass, where the appellate court concluded that absent an agreement between the parties, there is no requirement for parents to pay for college expenses.

Divorce Agreements and College Tuition

The most common method for addressing college tuition in Texas divorces is through negotiation and voluntary agreements. Parents might include provisions for college expenses in their divorce settlement, which then become enforceable as part of the divorce decree. These agreements can define how much each parent pays, whether there are any conditions for support (such as maintaining a certain GPA), and how long the support will continue.

It's also possible for parents to set up a college savings plan, such as a 529 Plan, and make contributions to it before or after their divorce. In some cases, these plans are used as part of the property division in the divorce settlement, with each parent required to contribute a certain amount post-divorce.

The Role of Mediation

In situations where parents cannot agree on who should pay for college tuition, mediation can be a helpful tool. A mediator can work with both parties to reach an agreement that considers the financial situation of each parent and the best interests of the child.


In conclusion, Texas law does not expressly require divorced parents to pay for their child's college tuition; however, through voluntary agreements incorporated into the divorce decree or other negotiated terms, parents can establish legally binding obligations regarding educational expenses. Due to the complexity and variability of these situations, seeking legal advice from a family law attorney can provide clarity and assistance in navigating these decisions.