What are the Pennsylvania guidelines for children's participation in religious activities while in foster care?

Pennsylvania's Approach to Religious Activities in Foster Care

In Pennsylvania, the welfare and rights of children in foster care are of paramount importance. The state recognizes that children in foster care are entitled to the same rights and freedoms as other children, which includes the freedom to participate in religious activities. The guidelines for such participation are designed to protect the child's right to religious freedom while ensuring their best interests are served within the foster care system.

Guidelines for Religious Participation

The Pennsylvania Department of Human Services provides a framework that fosters respect for the child’s religious beliefs and practices. According to state regulations, foster care agencies must make reasonable efforts to place a child with a foster family that shares the child’s religious beliefs. If this is not possible, the agency must respect the child's religious preferences and facilitate participation in religious activities when appropriate.

Foster parents are encouraged to support the child's religious beliefs and practices, which may involve taking them to religious services, allowing them private time for prayer or meditation, or celebrating religious holidays. However, foster parents cannot compel a child to participate in any religious activity against their wishes or the wishes of their biological parents. In cases where the biological parents have specified particular religious upbringing for their child, foster parents and agencies are expected to comply with these wishes to the extent that it is feasible and in the child's best interest.

Ensuring the Child's Best Interests

The overarching principle guiding all decisions regarding a child in foster care is the 'best interest standard'. This holds true for decisions about religious participation as well. The best interest of the child takes into account various factors such as the child's age, maturity, psychological needs, and their expressed preferences. When determining whether to involve a child in religious activities, these factors must be carefully weighed.

For example, if attending a particular religious service would cause significant emotional distress for a foster child because it is unfamiliar or conflicts with their own beliefs, it may not be considered in their best interest to attend. Conversely, if a child expresses a strong desire to continue participating in the rituals of their faith tradition, efforts should be made to facilitate this participation.

Historical References and Legal Precedents

Historically, there have been instances where courts have had to intervene in matters of religion and foster care. For instance, the case of In re Interest of R.H., a minor in Nebraska, highlighted issues around religious upbringing in foster care when a state caseworker objected to a foster family raising the child with their own religious beliefs. While this was not in Pennsylvania, similar issues can arise in any state. These cases underscore the delicate balance between respecting a child's established religious background and acknowledging the rights of foster parents while keeping the best interests of the child at heart.


Pennsylvania strives to ensure that children in foster care retain their right to engage in religious activities according to their own beliefs and traditions. The guidelines set forth by Pennsylvania Department of Human Services aim to respect these rights while ensuring that each decision made on behalf of a foster child is guided by what is best for that individual. It is a thoughtful balance between respecting freedom of religion and providing nurturing, supportive environments for children during their time in foster care.