How does Pennsylvania handle child identity theft and fraud?

Pennsylvania's Approach to Child Identity Theft and Fraud

Child identity theft is a serious issue in which a child's personal information is stolen and used for fraudulent purposes. In Pennsylvania, this crime is not taken lightly, and the state has implemented various measures to protect minors from such exploitation. This article explores how Pennsylvania addresses child identity theft and fraud, providing insights into legal remedies, preventive measures, and recourse available to victims and their families.

Legal Framework and Remedies

Pennsylvania's legal system recognizes the unique vulnerability of children when it comes to identity theft. The state enforces strict penalties under the Identity Theft Law (18 Pa.C.S. ยง 4120), which applies to any individual who uses or possesses someone else's personal information without consent. This law encompasses all forms of personal identification, making it particularly relevant to cases involving minors.

Furthermore, the state allows parents or guardians to initiate a 'credit freeze' on their child's credit report. This proactive step prevents potential lenders from accessing the minor's credit information, thereby blocking unauthorized credit accounts from being opened in their name. Victims of child identity theft can also reach out to the Pennsylvania Office of Victim Services for guidance and support throughout the recovery process.

Preventive Measures

To safeguard children's identities, Pennsylvania encourages parents to be vigilant about sharing their child's personal information. Parents are advised to inquire about how their child's data will be used and stored when requested by schools, medical offices, or other organizations.

In addition to parental vigilance, Pennsylvania has supported educational initiatives aimed at raising awareness about identity theft risks and prevention strategies. Schools and community programs often host seminars and workshops that emphasize the importance of protecting one's personal information from a young age.

Historical References and Noteworthy Cases

One notable case in Pennsylvania involved a widespread data breach at a local hospital where children's Social Security numbers were compromised. This incident led to increased legislative efforts focused on strengthening data protection laws and emphasized the necessity for robust security measures across all entities handling sensitive information.

In another instance, a ring of identity thieves specifically targeting children was dismantled by Pennsylvania law enforcement. The case highlighted how organized criminals could exploit children's clean credit histories to commit large-scale fraud over several years without detection.

Recourse for Victims

When child identity theft is discovered, it is crucial that parents act promptly. Steps include reporting the crime to law enforcement, contacting the three major credit bureaus (Equifax, Experian, and TransUnion) to report the fraud, and filing a complaint with the Federal Trade Commission (FTC).

Pennsylvania law also empowers victims to seek restitution for financial losses incurred as a result of identity theft. Legal action may be pursued against perpetrators for damages, and in certain cases, parents may also have grounds for a civil suit if negligence contributed to their child's personal information being compromised.


In conclusion, Pennsylvania has developed a comprehensive approach to combat child identity theft and fraud through stringent laws, preventive education, and support for victims. While incidents continue to pose challenges, the state remains proactive in its efforts to protect its youngest citizens from this insidious form of crime.