How do you obtain a restraining order in Michigan?

Understanding Restraining Orders in Michigan

In the state of Michigan, restraining orders—legally known as personal protection orders (PPOs)—are court-issued documents that prevent an individual from engaging in certain activities, typically involving contact with the petitioner who seeks protection. Obtaining a PPO can be crucial for individuals seeking to protect themselves from harassment, stalking, or abuse.

Types of Personal Protection Orders

Michigan law recognizes three main types of PPOs:

Filing for a Personal Protection Order

To obtain a PPO in Michigan, follow these steps:

  1. Determine the Appropriate PPO: Based on your situation, decide which type of PPO you need to file for.
  2. Complete the Necessary Forms: Obtain and fill out the required forms, which are available at your local county clerk's office or online through the Michigan Courts website. These include a petition for a personal protection order and a detailed statement explaining why the order is needed.
  3. File the Petition: Submit your completed forms to the county clerk's office. There is no filing fee for PPOs in Michigan.
  4. Court Review: A judge will review your petition. In emergency situations where immediate danger is present, the judge may issue an ex parte order without a hearing, providing immediate protection.
  5. Serving the PPO: Once granted, the order must be served to the respondent—the person you are seeking protection from. This can be done by law enforcement officers or a process server.
  6. Hearing: If the PPO was issued ex parte, a hearing will typically be scheduled within 14 days. Both parties can present evidence and testimony to support their positions.

A PPO remains in effect for up to one year unless specified otherwise by the court. The petitioner may request an extension if necessary.

Enforcing a Personal Protection Order

If the respondent violates a PPO, this constitutes a criminal offense. The petitioner should immediately call law enforcement to report any violations. Violations can lead to arrest and potential criminal charges against the respondent.


Obtaining a restraining order in Michigan involves understanding the types of protection orders available and following specific legal procedures to ensure one's safety. While personal situations may vary, Michigan courts provide a structured process to secure a PPO and uphold victims' rights to security and peace.