How does New Jersey law treat parental relocation out of state?

Understanding Parental Relocation Laws in New Jersey

In the state of New Jersey, parental relocation laws are governed by a framework that prioritizes the best interests of the child while also considering the rights of both parents. When a custodial parent wishes to move out of state with their child, the legal process can be complex due to the potential impact on the child's relationship with the non-custodial parent.

Navigating the Legal Landscape

New Jersey law requires the custodial parent to obtain consent from the non-custodial parent or a court order before relocating with a child out of state. This is rooted in the precedent set by Baures v. Lewis, 167 N.J. 91 (2001), where the New Jersey Supreme Court articulated factors for courts to consider in relocation cases. However, a significant shift occurred with the 2017 case Bisbing v. Bisbing, 230 N.J. 309, which recalibrated this legal framework to further emphasize the child's best interests.

The Bisbing decision held that all relocation requests, even those agreed upon by both parents, must undergo a best-interests analysis to ensure that the move does not detrimentally affect the child. The court must assess various factors, including but not limited to: the reasons for and against the move, the potential impact on the child's educational and social life, and the feasibility of maintaining the child's relationship with both parents.

Procedure for Seeking Relocation

To legally relocate with a child out of state, the custodial parent must file a motion with the court if there is no agreement with the other parent. The burden of proof lies with the relocating parent to demonstrate that the move is in the child's best interest and not for any vindictive reasons against the non-custodial parent.

Upon reviewing a relocation petition, courts will closely scrutinize the proposed new living situation. For instance, if a custodial parent wants to move due to a new job opportunity or closer proximity to extended family, they must show how these changes benefit not just themselves but also their child.

Opposition and Enforcement

The non-custodial parent has a right to oppose any proposed relocation. They may argue that such a move would strain their parenting time or harm their relationship with the child. In these instances, courts may require detailed parenting plans that address visitation schedules, transportation logistics, and communication methods.

Failure to adhere to New Jersey's stringent relocation requirements can result in legal consequences for the custodial parent, potentially affecting their custody rights. Unauthorized moves may lead to court-ordered return of the child or even a change in custody arrangements.


In summary, New Jersey law treats parental relocation out of state as a matter that necessitates careful judicial consideration of all factors affecting the child's welfare. Parents facing such circumstances are advised to seek legal guidance to navigate this complex area of family law effectively.