What are New Jersey's laws on cyberbullying and harassment?

New Jersey's Stance on Cyberbullying and Harassment

In the digital age, the prevalence of cyberbullying and harassment has become a significant concern. New Jersey, being proactive in addressing these issues, has enacted comprehensive laws to protect individuals from online abuse. Understanding these laws is crucial for victims seeking justice and for individuals to avoid unwittingly committing an offense.

Understanding Cyberbullying in New Jersey

Cyberbullying in New Jersey is defined under the broad category of harassment, which can be perpetrated through any electronic communication means. According to N.J.S.A. 2C:33-4, an individual is guilty of cyber-harassment if they commit specific acts with the purpose to harass another person. These acts include:

This law positions New Jersey among the states taking a firm stance against online harassment, offering a legal framework for victims to seek reparations.

Penalties for Cyberbullying

The penalties for cyberbullying in New Jersey vary based on the severity of the offense. Cyber-harassment can be classified as a fourth-degree crime if the perpetrator is 21 or older and impersonates a minor for the purpose of cyberbullying a minor. If convicted, offenders can face up to 18 months in prison and a fine of up to $10,000. In less severe cases, cyber-harassment is considered a petty disorderly persons offense, potentially resulting in a fine and imprisonment.

Historical Reference: The Case of Ravi and Clementi

A historical case that brought attention to the severity of cyberbullying in New Jersey was the tragic story of Tyler Clementi, a Rutgers University student. In 2010, Clementi's roommate, Dharun Ravi, used a webcam to spy on Clementi's romantic encounter with another man and invited others to watch via social media. This invasion of privacy led Clementi to take his own life. Ravi was convicted on multiple charges, including bias intimidation based on sexual orientation – showcasing the serious consequences of cyber-harassment and bullying.

Prevention and Education

Beyond punitive measures, New Jersey also emphasizes education and prevention. The state's Anti-Bullying Bill of Rights Act is one such measure that requires all public schools to implement anti-bullying policies and programs designed to educate students about the harms of bullying and harassment.


New Jersey’s laws against cyberbullying and harassment are robust and serve as a model for addressing these modern challenges. Understanding these laws empowers individuals to recognize harassment and take appropriate action, whether seeking legal recourse or working towards prevention.