What are the requirements for mandatory reporting of child abuse in Pennsylvania?

Pennsylvania's Child Protective Services Law

In Pennsylvania, the Child Protective Services Law (CPSL) mandates certain individuals and professionals to report suspected child abuse. These individuals are known as "mandated reporters." The primary intent of these requirements is to ensure that suspicions of abuse are promptly reported to the proper authorities, thus initiating potential intervention and protection for the child.

Who Is a Mandated Reporter?

Mandated reporters include a wide range of professionals who come into contact with children through their work. This includes medical professionals, school employees, social services workers, clergy members, law enforcement officers, and others identified by the law. Any individual paid to care for a child is also considered a mandated reporter.

What Constitutes Child Abuse in Pennsylvania?

Child abuse in Pennsylvania is defined as intentionally, knowingly, or recklessly causing bodily injury to a child through an act or failure to act. It also encompasses creating a reasonable likelihood of bodily injury or sexual abuse or exploitation. For reporting purposes, the victim must be a person under the age of 18.

Reporting Requirements

Mandated reporters must make a report when they have reasonable cause to suspect that a child is a victim of abuse. This report should be made immediately after they suspect the abuse, typically by phone or electronically through the Child Welfare Portal. After making an immediate report, mandated reporters must submit a written report within 48 hours if requested by the Department of Human Services.

Example of Reporting in Practice

For instance, if a teacher notices consistent signs of physical harm on a student and has reasonable cause to believe it is not accidental, they are required by law to report their suspicions to ChildLine, Pennsylvania's 24/7 hotline for reporting child abuse.

Legal Obligations and Protections

Mandated reporters are legally obligated to report suspected abuse and may face penalties if they fail to do so. However, the CPSL also provides legal protections for reporters, granting them immunity from civil and criminal liability as long as the report was made in good faith.

Consequences of Non-Compliance

Failing to report suspected child abuse can result in serious consequences for mandated reporters. Depending on the circumstances, non-compliance can lead to charges ranging from a misdemeanor to a felony.

The Evolution of Mandatory Reporting Laws

The concept of mandatory reporting has evolved over time. In Pennsylvania, significant amendments were made to CPSL following the high-profile Jerry Sandusky case in 2011, which brought attention to gaps in child protection laws. These amendments expanded the definition of mandated reporters and clarified reporting procedures.


Understanding the requirements for mandatory reporting of child abuse in Pennsylvania is critical for those who work with children. As mandated reporters play an essential role in protecting vulnerable children, adherence to these laws is not only a professional obligation but also a moral imperative.