Illinois Parenting Coordinator Roles: What does a parenting coordinator do?

The Role of Illinois Parenting Coordinators

In the realm of family law, the concept of a parenting coordinator is relatively novel, yet it has become an integral part of managing high-conflict custody disputes in Illinois. A parenting coordinator (PC) is a neutral third party appointed by the court to assist divorced or separated parents in resolving issues related to the care and upbringing of their children. The overarching goal of a PC is to facilitate communication, reduce conflict, and support co-parenting arrangements that are in the best interests of the children involved.

Responsibilities of a Parenting Coordinator

One of the primary tasks of a parenting coordinator is to help parents implement and comply with court-ordered custody arrangements. This can involve clarifying ambiguities within custody agreements, mediating disputes over scheduling, and even making temporary decisions on behalf of the parents if they cannot come to an agreement. Importantly, any decisions made by the PC are subject to subsequent review by the court.

Parenting coordinators also provide education to parents about effective communication strategies and child development issues. They may recommend resources such as books, workshops, or therapy when appropriate. An example might be suggesting a workshop on co-parenting after divorce or advising parents to read a book about managing conflict for the sake of their children.

In addition to these roles, PCs often monitor compliance with custody orders and report any non-compliance to the court. They serve as a point of contact for both parents and can expedite the resolution of minor disputes that might otherwise require court intervention.

Qualifications and Appointment

Illinois law typically requires parenting coordinators to have a background in psychology, law, social work, or a related field. Additionally, they must have training in family dynamics, child development, and conflict resolution. PCs are often appointed in cases where there is a high degree of conflict between the parents and where traditional mediation has not been successful.

Historical Context

The role of parenting coordinators developed out of a need for ongoing dispute resolution mechanisms in contentious custody cases. Historically, parents would return to court frequently for resolution of minor disputes, placing a strain on both the legal system and the families involved. The implementation of PCs provided an alternative that could improve outcomes for children by reducing their exposure to parental conflict.


Ultimately, parenting coordinators in Illinois play a vital role in fostering healthier co-parenting relationships post-divorce or separation. Through their efforts in mediation, education, monitoring, and reporting, PCs help ensure that children's needs remain at the forefront of all parental decisions—reducing the emotional toll on the family unit while alleviating some burdens on the judicial system.