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How to Contest a Will in North Carolina

Understanding the Grounds for Contesting a Will in North Carolina

Contesting a will is a legal process where an individual challenges the validity of a deceased person's last will and testament. In North Carolina, as in other jurisdictions, there are specific grounds upon which a will can be contested. These typically include questions of incapacity, undue influence, fraud, improper execution, or the existence of a more recent will.

For instance, if an individual believes that the testator (the person who made the will) was not of sound mind at the time of its creation, they may contest the will on the grounds of lack of testamentary capacity. An example could involve an elderly individual with documented dementia who significantly changes their estate plan shortly before passing away.

Undue influence occurs when the testator is coerced into making or altering their will under pressure from another individual. A historic case illustrating undue influence is that of the 'Billionaire Boys Club' leader Joe Hunt, who was accused of manipulating one of his followers to change his will before his mysterious disappearance.

The Process of Contesting a Will

The process to contest a will in North Carolina begins by filing a caveat with the clerk of superior court in the county where the estate is being administered. The party contesting the will (the 'caveator') must have standing, meaning they would stand to benefit if the will were invalidated, usually as a beneficiary under a prior will or as an heir under intestate succession laws.

Once a caveat is filed, the probate process is paused until the challenge is resolved. The burden of proof rests on the caveator to demonstrate why the will should not be upheld. During litigation, both sides may present evidence supporting their claims and call witnesses to testify.

Time Constraints and Considerations

It's crucial to act within the statute of limitations. In North Carolina, you generally have three years from the date of death to contest a will. However, this period can be significantly shorter if you've been properly served with notice to file your claim.

Legal Representation and Costs

Due to the complexity of estate law, it's highly recommended that individuals seeking to contest a will obtain legal representation. Attorneys with experience in probate law can navigate through intricate legal procedures and help build a compelling case. Contesting a will can be expensive and emotionally taxing, so it's important to weigh the potential costs against what you stand to gain.


Contesting a will is not an action to be taken lightly in North Carolina or elsewhere. It requires solid evidence and understanding of legal principles governing estate matters. Individuals considering such action should seek professional advice to assess their situation and determine the best course of action.