How does Pennsylvania law treat the issue of child support for parents who are minors?

Understanding Child Support for Minor Parents in Pennsylvania

In the state of Pennsylvania, the legal responsibility of parents to provide financial support for their children is both a fundamental principle and a legal mandate. This obligation does not discriminate based on the age of the parents, meaning that even parents who are minors are required to contribute to the support of their children.

Legal Framework Governing Child Support Among Minor Parents

Pennsylvania's family law statutes are designed to ensure that all children receive adequate support from their parents, irrespective of the parents' ages. When a parent is a minor, they are still held accountable for child support. The Pennsylvania child support guidelines apply to all parents, including those who are under 18. The court determines the amount of child support by considering several factors, such as the income of both parents, the number of children, and the custody arrangement.

When a court addresses child support issues involving minor parents, it takes into account the minor parent's income and earning capacity. This includes wages from employment, but if the minor is not working or has limited income, other sources such as allowances from their own parents may be considered.

Challenges and Considerations

One of the challenges in enforcing child support orders for minor parents is that many minors have limited financial resources. Pennsylvania law addresses this by considering the actual and potential earning abilities of the minor parent. The court may also look at whether the minor parent is enrolled in school when determining their ability to pay child support.

Historically, there have been cases where courts have had to balance the need for a child's support with the limited financial capacity of minor parents. In such situations, courts may order lower amounts of support or take into account contributions in kind (such as providing childcare) when determining child support obligations.

Enforcement and Modifications

If a minor parent fails to pay court-ordered child support, enforcement actions can be taken just as with adult parents. These can include wage garnishment or even legal penalties. However, given that minors may have limited assets and income, enforcement actions must be appropriate for the circumstances.

Minor parents have the right to request modifications to child support orders if there is a significant change in circumstances. For example, if a minor parent's income changes due to a new job or loss of employment, they can petition the court for an adjustment in their support obligation.


Pennsylvania law ensures that all children have the right to financial support from their parents, regardless of whether those parents are minors themselves. The state's legal system strives to balance this right with a realistic assessment of what minor parents can provide. As circumstances change and minor parents grow into adulthood, they must continue to fulfill their responsibilities while also being afforded opportunities to adjust their contributions in line with their evolving capacities.